Release 4.0 of the KDE Desktop Environment for Linux begins the KDE 4 series. It brings you a brand new interface. New icons, new window borders, new K-menu.
No more blue! More Black. And you’ll probably think, more like Vista. But wait! Microsoft did not invent the black ice look.
If you are using Ubuntu only (and not Kubuntu), you can install the KDE Desktop Environment in Ubuntu (Gnome) by doing a:
sudo apt-get install kubuntu-desktop
This will download all the packages required and install them. It may take a while. UPDATE: See this post for more information.
Once it is installed, you will have the option of choosing KDE in your session options at log in. Once Kubuntu is installed, you can then follow the steps below to install KDE 4.0.
- Add deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/kubuntu-members-kde4/ubuntu gutsy main to your /etc/apt/sources.list.
- Open a terminal and type in:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install kde4-core
- Answer yes to the prompts and wait for the download and install to finish.
- KDE 4 applications should appear in your KDE 3 K-menu or you can run a full session by selecting “KDE 4” from your login manager.
With that said, you’ll notice that you can choose between KDE 3 or KDE 4 in your Session options from your login manager.
UPDATE (): I suggest you backup all of your KDE settings as you may overwrite/clear application-specific settings and preferences. Your Amarok library and preferences will most likely get reset. It happened to me. Look for hidden folders in your Home directory that start with .kde. Those folders should be backed up.
Change my hostname in Ubuntu?
gksu gedit /etc/hostname
To see the change, restart your system.
EXTRA TIDBIT: Remember that gksu is the same as sudo, but it is the recommended command to use for graphical programs. In this case, gedit (Gnome’s Text Editor). Sudo is best suited for terminals, or command-line. You could have also typed in gksudo, but that is the same thing: it’s a symlink to gksu. And in KDE, you could have used kdesu (KDE SuperUser).
As a new user, there comes a time (or there will come a time) when you are playing around with Ubuntu/Gnome, trying different themes, different engines, different window managers, etc, and all of a sudden you run into a problem that you can’t seem to find a way to fix it.
Maybe some of your customized settings are causing your gnome-panel to crash all the time or causing your windows and applications to look ugly, even having window buttons (close, minimize) disappear. You start Googling and spending a lot of time – sometimes days – trying to find how you can fix it.
You are frustrated (sometimes hitting your monitor/tower yelling some vulgarities at it as if it understands and you will kill it if it doesn’t fix it… there’s no Valentine’s love there, that’s for sure) and are ready to go back to Microsoft Windows.
You keep thinking, “I wish I could just reset it back to its defaults, like a clean install, without losing all my applications and data.”
Well, you’re in luck. There is a way to reset your Desktop settings back to their defaults. If you keep in mind that everything in Linux is a file, all of its settings are files. All of Gnome’s customizations are located in their own specific folders. And these settings are user specific; they are in your Home folder. If you would create another user and log in with that user, you wouldn’t have any of the problems you are having in your own account. If you remove all these folders, you essentially remove all the settings. Therefore, we will remove the folders needed to reset Ubuntu/Gnome back to its defaults.
UPDATE (): Keep in mind that this will only reset your Gnome-specific settings. If you are having problems with your video card, display, x-server, etc., this WILL NOT fix your problems.
If you don’t have access to your graphical (GUI) desktop to delete these folders in Nautilus or you’re stuck at the login screen, drop to a terminal by hitting CTRL + ALT + F1, login to your account, and run this command:
rm -rf .gnome .gnome2 .gconf .gconfd .metacity
Get back to your GUI desktop by hitting CTRL + ALT + F7.
Login and VOILÀ! Just like the first time you ever logged into your Gnome desktop.
Oooh… he makes it look so easy! The thing is, it is easy. 😮
Blessen Cherian, CTO and Executive Team Member of bobcares.com writes:
“Shell scripting is nothing but a group of commands put together and executed one after another in a sequential way. Let’s start by mentioning the steps to write and execute a shell script.”
He then goes into step-by-step instructions on creating a script in a way that any idiot can understand! 🙂
Cherian says, “This is just the first part of my article on shell scripting. The Advanced Part … will be published soon.”
I’m an idiot, so this will definitely help me! 😀